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A tensile test, also known as tension test, is probably the most fundamental type of mechanical test can be performed on material. Tensile tests are simple, relatively inexpensive, and fully standardized. By pulling on something, we will very quickly determine how the material will react to forces being applied in tension. As the material is being pulled, we will find its strength along with how much it will elongate.

As we continue to pull on the material until it breaks, you will obtain a good, complete tensile profile. A curve will result showing how it reacted to the forces being applied. The point of failure is of much interest and is typically called its "Ultimate Strength" or UTS. The UTS may or may not equate to the strength at break. This all depends on what type of material is tested, that is brittle, ductile.

A value called "yield strength" of a material is defined as the stress applied to the material at which plastic deformation starts to occur while the material is loaded.

 

 

 

 

 
 

Bend testing
Hardness testing
Impact tesing
Tensile testing

 
 
 


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